A Guide to Aircraft Maintenance
Aircraft owners or owners of airline companies should make sure that their aircrafts are subjected to regular maintenance and inspection so that the aircrafts perform well and are safe to use. Aircrafts are vehicles which are complicated, and you need professionals to do the maintenance work in several different ways so that you can be sure that all the parts of the aircraft can operate properly. Aircrafts should undergo all the different types of maintenance stated below.
First, maintenance and inspection is done on the airframe, which is the mechanical structure of an aircraft. The fuselage, the wings, and the undercarriage make up the airframe. When you do airframe maintenance, you focus of these parts and not on the others like the engine or the propulsion system. When the airframe in being maintained it involves work such as the inspection and replacement of winglets, corrosion prevention and control, aircraft painting, and landing gear replacement. In aircraft maintenance we also have what is known as the letter checks. When an aircraft has flown a specific number of miles, these letter checks which are detailed inspections done on the aircraft, are done to the aircraft. Cosmetic A and B checks, intensive C checks of all components, and D check which is the dismantling and reassemebling of the aircraft, are all procedures in the letter check. While C and D checks take a long time to finish and is not done regularly but only every few years, A and B checks which are only cosmetic checks are done regularly.
One important aspect of aircraft maintenance is the maintenance of its engine. Your aircraft has a specific engine type so you need a mechanic who specializes in this engine type. Engine work involves many things. It includes a comprehensive engine testing, removal and reinstallation, and troubleshooting. The aircraft’s auxiliary power unit or APU also needs regular check and maintenance. This unit provides the necessary power that the aircraft needs to function other than propulsion. The mechanic should have the knowledge and proper training in this specific model of your APU.
Aside from these there are other aircraft components that need to be checked and, if necessary, repaired. If these other components are subjected to a full scale component check what will be done are the following: removing and cleaning the components, applying compounds to prevent corrosion, lubrication of parts, and replacement of damaged parts.
An aircraft performance is also dependent on its electronic systems called the avionics. Testing the avionics include navigation and communication equipment including GPS, radar, radio communicators, and computer systems. The maintenance work done on this system includes rewiring and replacement of components if necessary, and it also requires that the mechanic has a strong technical knowledge of electrical engineering.